Определите видовременную форму и залога

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  • Английский, определить видовременную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого
  • Автор Тема: Английский, определить видовременную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого (Прочитано 28105 раз)

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    Помогите определить видо-временную форму и залог глагола

    I. подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видо- временную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.
    а) 1. Quantum mechanics has greatly influenced the nuclear theory.
    2. The problem of the structure of matter is constantly occupying the minds of many scientists.
    6) 1. Today many polymeric materials are produced on a massive scale.
    2. Many compounds can be decomposed when they are acted upon by different forms of energy.

    II. подчеркните Participle I и Participle 2 и установите функции каждого из них, т. е, укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
    1. Natural rubber is a thermoplastic material that becomes soft when heated and hard when cooled.
    2. Matter composed of any chemical combination of elements is called a compound.
    3. The smallest particle having all the characteristics of an clement is called an atom.
    4. While bombarding the upper layers of the atmosphere, cosmic rays reach the surface of the earth.

    Ill подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
    1. Heat can-be divided into three different types.
    2. A great number of plastics should find their applications in the electrical industry.
    3. Chemical means had to be used for the separation of compounds into their elements.
    4. The existence of an X-ray laser in the future may be possible.

    I. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

    1. Laws help people to live safely.

    a) Present Simple Passive

    c) Present Simple Active

    b) Past Simple Active

    2. The information was given over the telephone.

    a) Past Simple Active

    c) Present Simple Passive

    b) Present Simple Active

    d) Past Simple Passive

    3. Corruption became the norm in some countries.

    c) Future Simple Active

    4. The government will raise taxes next year.

    a) Present Simple Active

    c) Past Simple Passive

    b) Future Simple Active

    d) Future Simple Passive

    5. The dispute will be resolved by the International Court.

    b) Future Simple Passive

    6. The jurors are instructed by the judge.

    b) Past Simple Passive

    d) Future Simple Active

    II. Выберите глагол-сказуемое.

    1. The judicial branch … case law through its decisions.

    a) create b) creates c) is created d) are created

    2. That law … the requirements of society.

    a) didn’t meet b) not met c) don’t meet d) wasn’t met

    3. Jurisdiction … by statutes and constitutions.

    a) are defined b) defines c) define d) is defined

    4. Legal systems usually … codes of behaviour for the police.

    a) has b) is c) are d) have

    5. Yesterday she … £100 for driving without insurance.

    a) is fined b) was fined c) fines d) fine

    6. The changes in taxation … the well-being of the people.

    a) will influence c) will be influenced

    b) shall influence d) will influenced

    7. There … several kinds of punishments available to the courts.

    a) has b) are c) is d) have

    III. Найдите предложения, в которых нет грамматической ошибки. Исправьте ошибки в остальных предложениях.

    1. Nothing was decided on his guilt.

    2. Is there any news from the soldiers?

    3. He was the most fine lawyer of his generation.

    4. Judges are paid salary with the state.

    5. Did they have to rewrite the report?

    6. If you will do something illegal, you will get into trouble.

    7. The police prefer to prevent crime before it happens.

    IV. Составьте предложения из данных слов:

    1) one, there, and, questions, many, are, answer.

    2) new, be, when, enacted, will, law, the?

    3) not, legislation, law-makers, interpret, do.

    4) his, he, order, do, what, protect, in, does, property, to?

    5) rules, applied, when, these, were?

    6) to, laws, much, change, than, constitution, is, other, more, it, the,

    Определить видовременную форму и залог

    2. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое, стоящее в Continuous, и определите его временную форму (Present, Past или Future) и залог (Active или Passive). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
    1. He is making an experiment now.
    2. The experiment was being done the whole day yesterday.
    3. My brother will be taking a test at 2 o’clock tomorrow.

    3. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое, стоящее в Perfect, и определите его временную форму (Present, Past или Future) и залог (Active или Passive). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
    1. Our research had been finished by the end of the year.
    2. By the beginning of the year their new office will have been built.
    3. We have just received your letter.

    4. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
    1. I had done my work by 6 o’clock yesterday.
    2. This experiment is being done right now.
    3. I will write my report tomorrow.

    5. Перепишите следующие сложные предложения; подчеркните глаголы-сказуемые в главном и придаточном предложениях; определите их видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на согласование времен.
    1. I was sure that she was working in the library then.
    2. He says that he works at a plant.
    3. I knew that my brother would get the tickets to the match.

    1. is making present cont. Active
    2. was being done past cont. Passive.
    3. will be taking future cont. Active.

    3.
    1. had been finished past perf. Passive
    2. will have been built.Future perf. Passive
    3. have just received present perf. Active.

    4.
    1. had done past perfect active
    2. is being done present cont. Passive.
    3. will write future simple active

    5.
    1. was past simple active. was working past cont. Active.
    2. says , works present simple active
    3. knew past simple active, would get future in the past.

    КОНТРОЛЬНОЕ ЗАДАНИЕ №2.

    I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите видовременную форму и залог сказуемого.

    а) Действительный залог

    1. Scientists have found ways of measuring the sizes and positions of bodies in

    2. While the Earth is making one complete rotation on its axis, it is also

    traveling in its orbit around the Sun.

    3. Scientists had solved many interesting problems by the end of the 19 th

    b) Страдательный залог

    1. Atoms are grouped in various ways to make molecules.

    2. Iron is referred to as the most important metal of our metallic age.

    3. The name “electron” was given to the small negative particle discovered by

    4. The ignition was followed by combustion.

    II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения. Определите функции причастий ( Participle I, Participle II ).

    1. At the center of the atom, and forming its nucleus, there are one or more

    positively charged particles or protons.

    2. When electrified a body may repel as well as attract different objects.

    3. Heat gained by one substance is heat lost by another.

    4. Another promising method to produce high-energy particles is based on

    III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами.

    1. Infra-red waves can be stopped by glass.

    2. Energy release may do some useful work.

    3. Soon we’ll be able to understand many phenomena which occur on the solar

    4. Today the scientists must concentrate their attention on the production of

    5. The samples are to be analyzed at our laboratory.

    6. The laboratory assistant had to check up the readings of the recorder

    IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите 1, 2 и 3-й абзацы текста.

    YURY GAGARIN ( 1934 – 1968 )

    1. In the 1960s satellites were traveling at speeds approaching Mach 25. It was only a matter of time before men were placed in them. In the Soviet Union and in the USA men were undergoing training for this purpose. They were called cosmonauts in the Soviet Union and astronauts in the United States.

    2. The first man to fly into space was Yury Gagarin. On Wednesday, April 12, 1961 at 9.07 a.m. Moscow time, the sputnik-spaceship “Vostok” was launched into space with a man on board. This man was the first cosmonaut, Yury Gagarin.

    3. Yury Gagarin, the son of a carpenter, was born near Gzhatsk ( now Gagarin ), Smolensk region on the 9 th of March, 1934. His early education was interrupted by the war. After the war he attended a vocational school and then a technical industrial school. His interest in flying led him to the Orenburg Flying School from which he graduated with honors as an air force lieutenant in 1957. After serving as a test pilot, he joined the group of cosmonauts in training for orbital flight and it was upon him that the choice fell in 1961.

    4. On April 12, 1961, Gagarin became the first man placed in orbit around the Earth. He remained in orbit 1 hour and 48 minutes, rising as high above the surface as 187,66 miles and traveling at a velocity that reached 17,000 miles an hour. So on April 12, 1961, mankind entered a new era – the era of mastering space age.

    5. Yury Gagarin died tragically in an airplane crash near Kirzhach on the 27 th of March, 196

    В следующих предложениях подчеркните глагол-сказуемое, определите его видовременную форму и залог.

    1) Before John celebrated his 26th birthday, he had started his own company.
    2) The world’s leading gas and oil exporter has become one of the most attractive markets in the world.
    3) The company has been dealing in car sales for many years.

    так?
    1) had — past simple
    2) has — pres.perf passive
    3) has — pres.perf active

    и вот ееще второе задание, помогите старому студенту Пью.

    В следующих предложениях подчеркните герундий и инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

    1) Banks are interested in keeping most of their money in circulation so that it should bring them profit.
    банки заитересованы в том, чтобы их активы обращались и приносили прибыль
    2) In 1913 H. Ford began to use assembly-line techniques in his plant.
    в 1913 генри форд начал использовать конвейеры на своих заводах
    3) Many countries in Asia have an absolute advantage in manufacturing electronic goods.
    Многие страны в Азии имеют абсолютное преимущество в производстве электронных товаров

    IV.Письменно переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Помните, что инфинитивные обороты часто соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

    1) The RF government is expected to put considerable efforts and financial resources into transport infrastructure, development and modernization.
    Ожидается, что правительство РФ вложит значительные усилия и финансовые ресурсы в транспортную инфраструктуру, в ее развитие и модернизацию.

    2) Most secretarial and clerical jobs require the applicant to take a written examination.
    Наиболее секретарскую работу требовать от заявителя для письменного экзамена. (вообще не знаю как это переводится. так микрософт транслятор перевел) скорее всего так — чтобы устроится на работу клерком или секретарем нужно проводить письменный экзамен для соискателя.

    3) Some of the major investors wanted the bank to pay a higher interest rate.
    Некоторые из крупных инвесторов хотят чтобы банк платил им более высокие процентные ставки.

    SOS!! Помогите с заданиями, завтра экзамен.